Solvent Abuse is when the user inhales the fumes from a substance. These tend to be household products such as glues, aerosols and gasses.
Most solvents, cause brain activity to slow down, making the user feel more relaxed and less stressed. Misusing solvents can cause brain damage, major organ failure and in some cases death.
Stimulants act on the central nervous system, increasing brain activity. These include amphetamines, caffeine, tobacco, cocaine and crack.
Repeated use can cause paranoia and psychosis, which could be diagnosed as schizophrenia.
Similar to stimulants, depressants also have an impact on the bodies central nervous system but with the opposite effect, making the user feel as though they are slowing down. They are known as downers.
Depressant examples are Xanax, Vallium and Rohypnol.
Abusing depressants can cause both long- and short-term issues. There is a higher risk of diabetes, high blood sugar, Imparied memory and hallucinations.
Opioids, if abused can become highly addictive. Addiction can occur with in as little as 3 days. They are often prescribed to patients who are suffering from chronic pain. Opioids come in many forms, they can be eaten, smoked, injected and taken as pills.
Like all drugs, there are risks and health implications which follow such as liver damage, brain damage and if a dose is too high; cardiac arrest.
Example of opioids include Heroin, morphine, codeine and Hydrocodone.
Hallucinogen abuse can have life-changing, irreversible effects on the user. They work by breaking communication with the brain giving the user, intense hallucinations and perceptions of things that are not really there.
Hallucinogens include LSD, Salvia and Peyote. Taking these drugs can cause devastating effects such as paranoia, psychosis, Anxiety and persisting flashbacks.
Dissociatives are dangerous, especially if abused and used over a long space of time. These types of drugs interfere with the chemical receptors in the brain, giving the user a distorted perception of reality.
Ketamine, PCP and DXM are a few examples of dissociatives.
The effects of these drugs can be immediate, and include side effects such as memory loss, speech difficulties, suicidal thoughts.
All drugs have the potential to be dangerous if they are abused. It is important to understand them and the impacts they can have on your health. If you are currently suffering with an addiction, reach out for help.